The area around Terlano benefits from a very favourable climate. It is therefore not surprising that the oldest evidence of human settlements dates back to the Neolithic period, approximately 2000 years BC. The name Terlano is first recorded in 828 AD as “Taurane” and in 923 AD as “Torilan”. Over time, the name changed to become Terlano.
In the Middle Ages Terlano was home of the Casanova Court, an area that includes today’s villages of Terlano, Andriano, Nalles and Vilpiano. The last Tyrolean local regent, Margarethe von Görz-Tirol, because of her alleged misshapen mouth (Maul) also known as Margarethe Maultasch, may have lived in Castel Casanova above Terlano (there are no historic records of this). The castle is therefore better known as the ruin of Castel Maultasch than under its actual name.
In the 16th century the mining industry flourished in Terlano. The main product mined was galenite from which silver was extracted. However, because of poor yields the mine was later closed. The silver mine brought great wealth to Terlano, which is reflected in the magnificent building of the parish church with its precious Gothic frescoes.

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